Cardiac rehabilitation program

Phase III and IV rehabilitation introduces safe and effective exercise for those with heart disease or who have had surgery. The goal is to build a lifelong commitment to cardiac risk factor modification whilst preventing future events.

Exercise training during cardiac rehabilitation improves stamina, increases energy levels and reduces bodily pain in nearly all patients, regardless of age, gender or cardiac disability. Each session will also include:

  • Balance
  • Flexibilty
  • Upper body strength
  • Coordination

 

Other positive outcomes of rehabilitation include:

  • Daily activities become easier and less tiring, as the body uses available oxygen more efficiently.
  • Body fat is burned longer resulting in weight loss.
  • Blood pressure may be reduced.
  • Blood glucose (sugar) has less fluctuation and stabilizes at a lower level.
  • Emotional fatigue is less.
  • Depression improves.

What are some of the physical effects of cardiac rehabilitation?

“Cardiac rehabilitation programs combine both cardiac health education and exercise, tailored to meet individual needs and health conditions.”

Phase oneStarts in the hospital. You may begin with non strenuous activities, such as sitting up in bed, range-of-motion exercises and self care. Then you progress to walking and limited stair climbing. You’ll engage in the kinds of activities you’ll encounter when back at home.
Phase twoBegins after you leave the hospital and is often done in an outpatient setting; meaning you’ll travel back and forth from your home to a rehabilitation centre for this portion of your recovery. This phase is a structured, medically supervised to gradually increase activity level and a patients ECG is monitored throughout each session. It may include nutritional counselling, stress management and smoking cessation.
Phase three & fourIs the development of a long-term maintenance program. It involves education about nutrition, lifestyle and weight loss as well as discussion of any medical concerns. A phase III program has many parts, including supervised exercise and a variety of measurements and assessments. In addition to restoring your physical function, the focus of phase III is on reducing your risk of future heart conditions. Your progress will be monitored each session. The frequency and duration of phase III rehab sessions per week will vary depending upon your rate of recovery. All exercise programs will include stretching, aerobic exercise, and strength training.

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